I’m not a hacker, but I live with them. I took the pilgrimage to Defcon, attended by many of the world's best-known security experts, and felt much like the kid reporter in the movie “Almost Famous.” Among other (sometimes bewildering) presentations, Defcon showcases demonstrations of the latest discovered weaknesses in computer systems.
The big brew-haha this year was “The Anatomy of a Subway Hack” of the Boston T that got blocked. A federal judge ordered three college students to cancel a Sunday presentation where they planned to show security flaws in the automated fare system used by Boston's subway. I wouldn’t have thought this was any different than the presentation the SecureState team gave where we released various new tools, including SA Exploiter. However I guess when one of your slides proclaims: "And this is very illegal! So the following material is for educational use only," it draws attention to you.
At SecureState, we believe everyone (most especially those organizations trying to protect themselves) should have access to all information available. The belief is if you hide the findings (zero-day exploits) it’s not going to stop the bad guys who have the time and incentive to find the vulnerabilities themselves. It just keeps the good guys on the forefront.
Many organizations without the resources to properly research the latest and greatest vulnerabilities use penetrations tests to get the results of the research with the ability to see how it affects them specifically. Penetration tests are the foundation of security since you don’t know what you don’t know. Thus, keeping security problems secret, or the “Security through obscurity” idea, doesn’t protect the businesses relying on those systems.
In short, our goal at SecureState is to make security better. We don’t look to disclose things that can hurt people. That’s especially true if there is nothing they can do about it. Releasing exploits and tools gives researchers and ethical hackers the opportunity to learn from the experience we have, gives organizations a better idea about the attacks that are possible, and the steps they need to take to prevent them. The bottom line is that while there are risks, the public good is better served by having knowledge freely available. Besides, H4CK3RS are people too.